An avalanche is the mass of snow that slips or falls from the mountain slopes under the influence of various factors, capturing new snow masses on its way. The causes of snow melting may be sudden changes in meteorological conditions, sharp gusts of wind, sound waves, overvoltage of snow cover, earthquakes. The danger of avalanches lies in the significant kinetic energy of the avalanche mass, which has great destructive power.
There is a distinction between winter dry avalanches, spring wet and mixed. As you gather in the mountains, you must remember the following:
- – the danger of avalanches increases after heavy snowfalls;
– on snow-covered slopes it is better to move early in the morning;
– you must not provoke avalanches by shouting, gunshots and other noise effects..;
– watch out for warnings from meteorological and rescue services about the danger.
Captured by an avalanche mass, every effort must be made to climb to its surface. To do this, you need to get rid of the load and strive to move up, the movement should be like when swimming. If this is not possible, it is necessary to cover your face with a jacket, creating an air cushion, because the snow dust getting into your mouth and nose causes suffocation. It is very important to save energy, to fight against sleep. One of the most important details of the outfit is avalanche rope of bright color. In an extreme situation, it must try to throw it on the surface, which will allow rescuers to quickly detect a person in distress.
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