Imagine an endless salt field, larger in size than Cyprus or Luxembourg. It doesn’t fit in your head, but it exists in Bolivia and is called Salar de Uyuni.
It’s the largest salt field in the world – 10.5 thousand square kilometres. A salty plain with only wind, white salt and burning sun is considered to be the most beautiful salty plain on the planet. In ancient times this salt marsh was a huge salt lake Minchin on the high Altiplano plain. Time has not spared it and it has almost completely dried up, turning into a huge salty desert. The Uuni is clearly visible from space. The salt shell is 2-8 meters thick and whiter than clouds. In dry condition it is more even than the best road, and after rains it turns into a giant mirror. A layer of water several centimeters thick, which covers the salt, is an ideal tool for checking and calibrating satellite remote sensing devices. It is the flattest place on the planet and even waves and ripples in the water do not disturb the idyllic mirror order.
Solonchak is, of course, used for salt mining. It’s 25,000 tons a year. There is also most of the world’s lithium reserves. Surprisingly, three kinds of beautiful flamingos come to nest here and, of course, fluffy llamas come to eat salt.
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