Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand was formed under the influence of Indian, Mongol, Khmer and Chinese culture. An example of medieval urban planning is the powerful stone walls of Sajanalaya, which in the plan is a rectangle with separate gates on each side.

In general, Thai architecture was severely damaged in the XVI-XIX centuries during the Burmese wars, and therefore the civilian secular buildings almost never reached our days. After all, they were mostly wooden, with bamboo roofs and palm leaves. Today we know about these structures mainly from the paintings and reliefs of royal palaces. These palaces have tiered roofs and inner vertical supports, as well as a branched system of courtyards and passages, which is typical for India and China. Interestingly, paintings, including lacquer paintings, have long been used in palace architecture as widely as in temple architecture. They covered doors, windows, columns, roof beams, sculptures and even household appliances.

Favorite colours were gold on a black background, plots – both religious and secular (hunting beasts, fluttering butterflies, fighting warriors, walking court). The style of such paintings is traditionally conditional, but sincere and devoid of emotional dryness. It should be added that in addition to lacquer paintings, palaces were generously decorated with carvings, sculptures and colored mosaics. Paintings of book depositories of the Royal Library are an example of this.

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

Ancient architecture of Thailand

 

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