What is art deco?
The interior art deco was created in the postwar period. The beginning of the 20s of the XX century was marked by the desire of the upper classes of America and Europe for beauty and luxury after the harsh military era. Remember the movie “The Great Gatsby” – it is this picture best reflects the aesthetics of art deco. The name of the style comes from the 1925 Paris exhibition. “Exposition Internationale des Arts Décoratifs et Industriels Modernes, which showcased the achievements of this new trend in art for the first time.
The art deco style embodied the spirit of scientific progress (the emergence of electricity), the process of learning the world (eclecticism of the style – a mixture of Western canons with Asian and African motifs), the human desire for beauty (luxury, elegance, decorative load).
Interior design in this style is characterized by the following:
- Mixing decorative motifs of Antiquity, Africa and Egypt, China and Japan with European traditions;
- Functionality and practicality together with accentuated luxury;
- Geometric patterns and design solutions: strips, trapezes, steps, zigzags, curved lines;
- Graphicity: frames and contours are the basis of style formation, geometry reigns both in furniture design and in finishing walls, floor, ceiling, decorative elements.
Art Deco style is a style for those who appreciate refined luxury, originality and at the same time comfort and functionality.
Art Deco in big and small kitchen
The luxurious Art Deco kitchen interior offers a large space for sophisticated textiles and decor, elegant finishes and furniture. Therefore, the Art Deco style is most effectively realized in spacious kitchens with an island, kitchens combined with a dining room or living room. Look at the photo
However, in both the small kitchen and the modest kitchen-living room in the studio apartment you can realize the design ideas in the spirit of jazz. In this case, the interior should be dominated by light neutral tones, decor should be used to the extent, and to visually increase the space can be used mirrors – the most recognizable attribute of the art deco style. In the photo below, the interior of the small kitchen-living room is decorated with a large mirror above the bar.
And here are the middle-sized kitchens with elements of art deco style – chairs, chandeliers and a characteristic color scheme.
How do you stand up to style?
There are some basic rules for decorating a kitchen in this style:
- Art deco in the kitchen interior is appropriate only in qualitative execution with the use of mainly natural materials: mahogany, dark and rare wood, metals (bronze, brass, gilt, silver, chrome steel), stones (preferably polished), mother-of-pearl, crystal, textured leather, luxury ceramics and glass.
- Art deco is functional, which means that the working and dining areas must be clearly marked. The space can be zoned by placing furniture, light sources, decor and finishing materials.
- Chairs, table, wardrobes – all pieces of furniture should be mostly strict geometric forms, but not modest in the decor. For example, chairs may be upholstered in leather or jacquard.
- A characteristic combination of colors: neutral background (beige, gray, silver, white) and bright contrasts of furniture and decor (brown, gold, black) or a recognizable combination of black and white.
- Luster and gloss are true signs of the era of “jazz art Nouveau”. Shine can be a chandelier, fittings, chrome or bronze surfaces of household appliances, glass in furniture and decor.
Art Deco style is not acceptable:
- An abundance of soft, smooth lines and circles.
- Poor quality finishing materials and furniture – avoid unnecessary “props” and false imitations. If the tabletop of artificial stone can adequately replace the surface of natural material, the tabletop of LDPP with imitation granite – is unlikely.
Finishing and decoration
- The ideal solution from an aesthetic and practical point of view is ceramic floor tiles, stone or porcelain tiles. The colour of the floor must match the colour of the walls, but it does not have to be repeated. A contrasting dark floor will blend in very seamlessly with the interior. A chessboard order is also appropriate: black and white squares and a masonry of rhombuses with contrasting inserts.
- The ceiling can be either flat or multi-layered. The ceiling can be decorated with built-in spotlights or thin stucco curbs around the perimeter of the room.
- The main decoration of the ceiling – chandeliers in Art Deco style: massive, fancy, often crystal or forged. The chandelier can be single (in the centre or above the dining area), a combination of a central chandelier with spot lighting or the placement of several small identical chandeliers above the dining table is also acceptable.
- The use of a mirrored ceiling is appropriate.
- The walls can be decorated with wallpaper or tiles with art deco style typical print, stone or paint.
- Wallpapers can be both monochrome and with geometric drawings, ornaments, African animalistic motifs, in stripes.
- The main emphasis can be on paintings or some other decorative elements.
- It is appropriate to combine finishing materials: paint and wallpaper, wallpaper and ceramic tiles, tiles and paint.
- The work area, i.e. the apron is decorated with tiles or paint – materials that can be washed, the rest of the room is decorated with wallpaper (or paint). Paintings or photos on the walls are placed stepwise, pyramidally or diagonally.
- Paintings can be replaced by mirrors in the form of suns or lamps.
Art deco furniture and home appliances
Art Deco style furniture is made of wood, glass and/or metal. Glass inserts and fabric or leather upholstery of upholstered furniture are suitable.
Use of functional and at the same time original furniture is welcomed: armchairs-barrels, mobile tables-ostrovki from metal and glass, bar counters with graceful bar chairs.
- If the dining area is a large space, the dining table can be massive, covered by an expensive silk tablecloth, and the chairs will be refined – with curved legs, trapezoidal or oval backrests.
- The kitchen unit can be neutral in colour (light wood, ivory, beige, etc.) or contrasting (silver, black and white, dark brown).
- The facades of cabinets are deaf, they hide household appliances. Some, such as mezzanine top lockers, may have glass doors – these are display cabinets with elegant porcelain dishes.
- Facades can be glossy, as shown in the photo below.
French art deco furniture
- Design in this style is unthinkable without a large number of different lamps: chandeliers, sconces, spotlights, furniture lighting cabinets and shelves.
- In addition to central lighting, it is appropriate to illuminate paintings, photographs or mirrors that decorate the walls.
- Art Nouveau geometric lamps, sconces in the form of rhombuses, trapezes and pyramids will look organic.
- The central chandelier can be made in the classical style – a tribute to Art Nouveau: forging and crystal, pendants, massive shape, elegance, imitation of candles.
- In addition to such a chandelier will be appropriate wall lamps, imitating candelabra.
- Lamps are better to choose a warm spectrum.
- As it was already noted, monochrome wallpaper of neutral shades is the ideal background for placing accessories: mirrors, paintings, photographs. To emphasize the belonging of these accessories to the art deco style, it is necessary to purchase appropriate frames and frames: sun, trapezium, multi-level steps.
- The style is reflected in the use of vases in a form reminiscent of Chinese or ancient Greek, with stylized images of the sun and geometric patterns. It is also appropriate to use textiles with animal prints (primarily zebra skin), images of exotic landscapes and decorating the room with live plants (particularly palms).
- There will be statuettes of athletes, ancient Greek heroes and heroines.
Art Deco kitchen interiors are a bizarre combination of laconicism and chic, functionality and decoration, where all details from chair design to textiles need to be thought out and holistic.